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With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual. "Body" often is used in connection with physical appearance, health issues and death. The study of the workings of the body is physiology.
- Main article: Human body
In some contexts, a superficial element of a body, such as hair may be regarded as not a part of it, even while attached. The same is true of excretable substances, such as stool, both while residing in the body and afterwards. Plants composed of more than one cell are not normally regarded as possessing a body.
The body of a dead person is also called a corpse, for humans, or cadaver. The dead bodies of vertebrate animals and insects are sometimes called carcasses. The study of the structure of the body is called anatomy.
In the views emerging from the mind-body dichotomy, the body is considered in contrasts with mind/soul/personality/behavior and therefore considered as little valued and trivial. Many modern philosophers of mind maintain that the mind is not something separate from the body.
- The mind-body problem by Robert M. Young
- Kim, J. (1995). Honderich, Ted Problems in the Philosophy of Mind. Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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