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Civic engagement or civic participation has been defined as "Individual and collective actions designed to identify and address issues of public concern."[1]


Civic engagement can take many forms— from individual volunteerism to organizational involvement to electoral participation. It can include efforts to directly address an issue, work with others in a community to solve a problem or interact with the institutions of representative democracy.

Another way of describing this concept is the sense of personal responsibility individuals should feel to uphold their obligations as part of any community.

"Youth civic engagement" has identical aims, only with consideration for youth voice.


In a study published by CIRCLE, the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement at Tufts divided into 3 categories: civic, electoral, and political voice.[2]

Measures of Civic Engagement[2]
Civic Electoral Political Voice
Community problem solving Regular voting Contacting officials
Regular volunteering for a non-electoral organization Persuading others to vote Contacting the print media
Active membership in a group or association Displaying buttons, signs, stickers Contacting the broadcast media
Participation in fund-raising run/walk/ride Campaign contributions Protesting
Other fund-raising for charity Volunteering for candidate or political organizations Email petitions
Written petitions

See also


  1. "Civic engagement", American Psychological Association. Retrieved 11/26/07.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ketter, S., Zukin, C., Andolina, M., and Jenkins, K. (2002) "The Civic and Political Health of a Nation: A Generational Portrait" CIRCLE and The Pew Charitable Trusts.

External links

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