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Civic engagement can take many forms— from individual volunteerism to organizational involvement to electoral participation. It can include efforts to directly address an issue, work with others in a community to solve a problem or interact with the institutions of representative democracy.
Another way of describing this concept is the sense of personal responsibility individuals should feel to uphold their obligations as part of any community.
"Youth civic engagement" has identical aims, only with consideration for youth voice.
In a study published by CIRCLE, the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement at Tufts divided into 3 categories: civic, electoral, and political voice.
|Measures of Civic Engagement|
|Community problem solving||Regular voting||Contacting officials|
|Regular volunteering for a non-electoral organization||Persuading others to vote||Contacting the print media|
|Active membership in a group or association||Displaying buttons, signs, stickers||Contacting the broadcast media|
|Participation in fund-raising run/walk/ride||Campaign contributions||Protesting|
|Other fund-raising for charity||Volunteering for candidate or political organizations||Email petitions|
- Community building
- Community development
- Civic courage
- Civic virtue
- Civil society
- Community involvement
- Social capital
- Youth empowerment
- "Civic engagement", American Psychological Association. Retrieved 11/26/07.
- Ketter, S., Zukin, C., Andolina, M., and Jenkins, K. (2002) "The Civic and Political Health of a Nation: A Generational Portrait" CIRCLE and The Pew Charitable Trusts.
- The Citizen's Handbook
- Community University Engagement
- Center for Civic Engagement at University of South Florida, St. Petersburg
- Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE) at the Jonathan M. Tisch College of Citizenship & Public Service, Tufts University
- Civic engagement through City Wikis and Civic Wikis. - PortlandWiki's City Wiki page.
- Northumberland Civic Engagement
- Civic Engagement Center at Central Washington University
- WHYY Civic Engagement Project
- Penn Project for Civic Engagement at the University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Education
- The Center for Future Civic Media, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- Center for Civic Engagement at the University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College.
- Student Voices a project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania
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