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A Clinical Terminology Server is a Terminology Server, which contains and provides access to clinical terminology.


The first generic description of general terminology servers per se was produced by the European GALEN Project. Rector et al. outline the functional attributes of the GALEN Terminology Server.

A Clinical Terminology Server provides the following services to client applications:

  • management of external references
  • management of internal representations
  • mapping natural language to concepts and vv
  • mapping concepts to Medical classification schemes
  • management of extrinsic information

The main purpose of a Clinical Terminology Server is to allow the consistent and comparable entry of clinical data, e.g. patient observations, findings and events.


  • Rector AL, Solomon WD, Nowlan WA, Rush TW, Zanstra PE, Claassen WM. (1995), A Terminology Server for Medical Language and Medical Information Systems. Meth Inform Med 1995;34(1-2):147-57.
  • CG Chute, PL Elkin, DD Sherertz, MS Tuttle, (1999), Desiderata for a Clinical Terminology Server
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