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Data collection is a term used to describe a process of preparing and collecting statistical data.

It is often formalised through a data collection Plan [1] which often contains the following activity.

  1. Pre collection activity – Agree goals, target data, definitions, methods
  2. Collection – data collection
  3. Data processing
  4. Data analysis
  5. Present Findings – usually involves some form of sorting [2]analysis and/or presentation.

A formal data collection process is necessary as it ensures that data gathered is both defined and accurate and that subsequent decisions based on arguments embodied in the findings are valid [3]. The process provides both a baseline from which to measure from and in certain cases a target on what to improve.

See also


  1. Establishing a data collection plan
  2. Sorting Data: collection and analysis By Anthony Peter Macmillan Coxon ISBN 0803972377
  3. Data Collection and Analysis By Dr Roger Sapsford, Victor Jupp ISBN 076195046X

External links