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Dementia is a loss of mental function due to cognitive decline, and in which interruptions exist in interpersonal or intrapersonal processes that would normally function properly. Widespread loss of memory, reasoning and judgement and their accompanying effects upon personality and social skills are characteristic signs.
The condition may be brought about by a number of organic brain syndromes which include:
- AIDS dementia complex
- Alzheimer's disease
- Creutzfeldt Jacob syndrome
- Dementia with Lewy bodies
- Parkinson's disease
- Pick's disease
- Cognitive Stimulation Therapy
- HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder
- Mild cognitive impairment aka incipient dementia
- Korsakoff's syndrome
- Sundowning (dementia)
- Vascular dementia
- Wandering in dementia
References & Bibliography
- Brooker, D. (2007). Person centred dementia care:Making services better. London:Jessica Kingsley.
- National Centre for Mental Health (2007). A NICE-SCIE Guideline on supporting people with dementia and their carers in health and social care. London:The British Psychological SOciety & Gaskell.
- Department of Health (2008). Transforming the quality of dementia care:Consultation on a national dementia strategy.