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Direction perception is an aspect of spatial perception and relates to the ability to maintain a sense of direction. This is thought to be achieved by the integration of information from cognitive maps, spatial memory and motion perception
Neurobiology of direction perception
The entorhinal cortex is one of the first areas to be affected in Alzheimer's Disease, and one of the first symptoms is impaired sense of direction. In 2005, it was discovered that entorhinal cortex contains a neural map of the spatial environment.
Effects of illness on direction perception
- Hafting T, Fyhn M, Molden S, Moser M, Moser E (2005). Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex. Nature 436 (7052): 801–6.