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Egoism may refer to any of the following:

  • psychological egoism - the doctrine that holds that individuals are always motivated by self-interest
  • ethical egoism - the ethical doctrine that holds that individuals ought to do what is in their self-interest
  • rational egoism - the belief that it is rational to act in one's self-interest
  • solipsism - (sometimes called egoism) - the belief that only one's self exists, or that only the experiences of one's self can be verified
  • egotism - an excessive or exaggerated sense of self-importance. In extreme forms, egoism (as egotism) may include narcissism and antisocial behavior

Egoism may also imply or may be fundamental to any number of related concepts, such as:

  • Amorality - lack of adherence to a meaningful moral system
  • Antisocial personality disorder - the psychiatric disease which involves disregard for the consequences of behavior on others
  • Autism - the neurodevelopmental disorder which restricts an individual's ability to interact with others normally
  • Bigotry - intransigent intolerance of opinions which differ from one's own
  • Individualism - a focus on the individual as opposed to society
  • Individualist anarchism - anarchism that exalts the supremacy of the individual
  • Libertarianism - a political ideology that advocates individual liberty and private property
  • Machiavellianism - a tendency to deceive and manipulate others for personal gain
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder - self-love as psychological illness
  • Objectivism - a philosophical system based on the writings of Ayn Rand that advocates egoism
  • Suitheism - worship of one's own self as Deity

Egoism is advocated by - or can be claimed to be advocated by - the following:

  • Harry Browne- American Libertarian Writer
  • Thomas Hobbes - British philosopher
  • Friedrich Nietzsche - German philosopher
  • Ayn Rand - Russian-American novelist, founder of Objectivism.
  • Max Stirner - German philosopher
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