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Cognitive Psychology: Attention · Decision making · Learning · Judgement · Memory · Motivation · Perception · Reasoning · Thinking  - Cognitive processes Cognition - Outline Index

The following index of articles is provided as an overview of and topical guide to thinking:

Thinking – the mental process in which beings form psychological associations and models of the world. Thinking is manipulating information, as when we form concepts, engage in problem solving, reason and make decisions. A thought may be an idea, an image, a sound or even an emotional feeling that arises from the brain.

Introduction to thinking

Main article: Introduction to thinking

Types of thought

Properties of thought

Fields of study

History of thinking

Main articles: History of thought and History of reasoning

General thinking concepts

Brain and brain biology

Main article: Brain


Main article: Intelligence

Nootropics (Cognitive enhancers and smart drugs)

Main article: Nootropic

Psychometrics (measuring intelligence and cognitive traits)

Main article: Psychometrics

Artificial thinking

Organizational thinking

Main article: Organizational studies

Personal thinking

Awareness and Perception

Main article: Awareness

Creative processes

Main article: Creativity

Decision making

Main article: Decision making

Emotional intelligence (Emotionally-based thinking)

Main article: Emotional intelligence

Erroneous thinking

Learning and Memory

Main article: Education

Reason and reasoning

Main article: Reason

Teaching methods and skills

Main article: Education



  • Association for Informal Logic and Critical Thinking
  • High IQ society
  • Mind Sports Organisation


  • Positive Thinking Magazine

Scholars of thinking

See also


  • Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One
  • Buckminster Fuller: Thinking Out Loud (documentary)
  • Causal thinking
  • Center for Critical Thinking
  • Computational thinking
  • Convergent thinking
  • Counterfactual thinking
  • Critical systems thinking
  • Critical thinking
  • Critical-Creative Thinking and Behavioral Research Laboratory
  • Design thinking
  • Directed listening and thinking activity
  • Distributed thinking
  • Divergent thinking
  • Foundation for Critical Thinking
  • Higher order thinking skills
  • Higher-order thinking
  • Historical thinking
  • History of political thinking
  • Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines
  • Integrative thinking
  • Lateral thinking
  • Life Cycle Thinking
  • LogoVisual thinking
  • Irrationality
  • Parallel thinking
  • Partial concurrent thinking aloud
  • Person-centred thinking
  • Po (lateral thinking)
  • Productive Thinking Model
  • Rethinking "Gnosticism": An Argument for Dismantling a Dubious Category
  • Rethinking India's Past
  • Rethinking Innateness
  • Rethinking Marxism
  • Rethinking Mathematics
  • Rethinking Religion in India
  • Say What You're Thinking
  • School of Thinking
  • Six Thinking Hats
  • Social Thinking
  • SolidThinking
  • Speed thinking
  • Stochastic thinking
  • Straight and Crooked Thinking
  • Strategic thinking
  • Systematic Inventive Thinking
  • Systems thinking
  • The Art of Negative Thinking
  • The International Research Forums on Statistical Reasoning, Thinking, and Literacy
  • The Lake of Thinking
  • The Leonardo da Vinci Society for the Study of Thinking
  • The Magic of Thinking Big
  • The Power of Negative Thinking: B-Sides & Rarities
  • The Power of Positive Thinking (EP)
  • The Year of Magical Thinking
  • Thinking 'bout Somethin'
  • Thinking about Consciousness
  • Thinking About Myself
  • Thinking about the immortality of the crab
  • Thinking About Tomorrow
  • Thinking About You
  • Thinking About Your Love
  • Thinking Allowed?
  • Thinking Allowed
  • Thinking Allowed (PBS)
  • Thinking Ape Blues
  • Thinking Back, Looking Forward
  • Thinking Cap Quiz Bowl
  • Thinking Electronic
  • Thinking Fellers Union Local 282
  • Thinking in Java
  • Thinking It Over
  • Thinking like a mountain
  • Thinking Machines Corporation
  • Thinking machines (Dune)
  • Thinking man's crumpet
  • Thinking Maps
  • Thinking of Home
  • Thinking of Linking
  • Thinking of Me
  • Thinking of Woody Guthrie
  • Thinking of You
  • Thinking outside the box
  • Thinking Pictures
  • Thinking Plague
  • Thinking (poem)
  • Thinking processes (Theory of Constraints)
  • Thinking Rabbit
  • Thinking Room
  • Thinking Skills Assessment
  • Thinking XXX
  • Thinking, Fast and Slow
  • This Type of Thinking (Could Do Us In)
  • Too Busy Thinking About My Baby
  • Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking
  • Underage Thinking
  • Unified structured inventive thinking
  • Vertical thinking
  • Visual thinking
  • What Was I Thinking
  • What Were They Thinking?
  • When You're Through Thinking, Say Yes
  • Wishful thinking
  • Wishful thinking (disambiguation)
  • World Thinking Day

External links

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