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Injury or bodily injury is trauma caused to the structure or function of the body caused by an outside agent or force, which may be physical or chemical. Personal Injury also refers to damage caused to the reputation of another rather than physical harm to the body. A severe and life-threatening injury is referred to as a physical trauma.

Types of injury

Types of injury of interest to psychologists include:

Serious bodily injury is any injury or injuries to the body that substantially risks death of the victim.



Feigning injury

Injuries may be feigned by a person or animal for various causes.


Faking an injury may allow a person to receive compensation through insurance fraud


File:Opossum 2.jpg

An opossum will feign injury or death to escape predators

The phrase "]" is derived from the behaviour of the opossum, a mammal which will mimic the appearance and smell of a sick or dead animal when threatened. Birds such as the killdeer are known to feign injury to lead a predator away from their nest. The predator gives chase, believing them to be easy prey, but the bird then flies away, hopefully having distracted the predator sufficiently to prevent it from finding its nest.

See also

External links