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Karl Abraham (3 May, 1877 - 25 December, 1925) was an early German psychoanalyst, a correspondent of Sigmund Freud, and the president of the International Psychoanalytical Association.

Karl Abraham collaborated with Freud on the understanding of manic-depressive illness, leading to Freud's paper on 'Mourning and Melancholia' in 1917. He was the analyst of Melanie Klein during 1924-1925, and of a number of other British psychoanalysts, including Edward Glover, James Glover, and Alix Strachey. He was a mentor for an influential group of German analysts, including Karen Horney, Helene Deutsh, and Franz Alexander.

He founded the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute in 1920 and on the 50th anniversary, in 1970, it was named the Karl Abraham Institute in his honour.



  • A considerable number of persons are able to protect themselves against the outbreak of serious neurotic phenomena only through intense work.

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