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Kinesiology is the scientific study of human movement. It should not be confused with the pseudoscience Applied kinesiology (AK). While an understanding of kinesiology is fundamental for the analysis and treatment of problems in the musculoskeletal system, it is not - unlike "applied kinesiology" (AK) - a stated method for the treatment or diagnosis of illness.

Academic and professional aspects

Kinesiology encompasses human anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, exercise psychology and sociology of sport. The relationship between the quality of movement and overall human health is also studied.

Kinesiological information is applied in such fields as physical therapy, occupational therapy, chiropractic, osteopathy, exercise physiology, kinesiotherapy, massage therapy, ergonomics, physical education and athletic coaching. The approach of these applications can be therapeutic, preventive, or high-performance. The application of kinesiology can also incorporate knowledge from other academic disciplines such as psychology, sociology, cultural studies, ecology, evolutionary biology, and anthropology. Related interdisciplinary fields in motor skills, skills research are graphonomics, i.e. the study of handwriting movement control and the study of motor control in speech.

The study of kinesiology is often part of the curriculum for some of the areas in which kinesiological information is used (akin to a medical study – see sports medicine).

There are some professional physical therapists who are also fully credentialed as "Registered Kinesiologists." The general difference between the job of a kinesiologist and a physical therapist is that a kinesiologist will assess movement, or problems in movement with regard to physiology, anatomy and biomechanics, while a physical therapist will actually apply therapeutic techniques to correct the identified problems.


Below is a (slightly simplified) table of the motions available at the different joints of the body:

region flexion/extension abduction/adduction internal/external rotation circumduction other
Shoulder yes Serratus anterior/Rhomboid major, Rhomboid minor,Trapezius Serratus anterior, Pectoralis minor,Levator scapulae,Trapezius yes elevation/depression Trapezius,Sternocleidomastoid,Levator scapulae/Subclavius,Trapezius
Elbow Biceps brachii, Brachialis/Triceps brachii no no no pronation/supination
Pronator quadratus and Pronator teres/Supinator
Wrist Flexor carpi radialis/Extensor carpi radialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus yes no yes no
Hip Psoas, Iliacus, Quadriceps/Gluteus maximus, Hamstring adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, gracilis Lateral rotator group/Gluteus minimus, Gluteus medius no no
Knee Hamstring/Quadriceps no no no no
Ankle (dorsiflexion/plantarflexion)
Tibialis anterior/Fibularis longus, Fibularis brevis
no no no inversion/eversion
Tibialis anterior/Fibularis brevis
Torso Rectus abdominis/Erector spinae no no no no

See also

External links

ca:Cinesiologia eo:Kinezologio fr:Kinésiologie pt:Cinesiologia sl:Kineziologija fi:Kinesiologia

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