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Kinesiology is the scientific study of human movement. It should not be confused with the pseudoscience Applied kinesiology (AK). While an understanding of kinesiology is fundamental for the analysis and treatment of problems in the musculoskeletal system, it is not - unlike "applied kinesiology" (AK) - a stated method for the treatment or diagnosis of illness.
Academic and professional aspects
Kinesiological information is applied in such fields as physical therapy, occupational therapy, chiropractic, osteopathy, exercise physiology, kinesiotherapy, massage therapy, ergonomics, physical education and athletic coaching. The approach of these applications can be therapeutic, preventive, or high-performance. The application of kinesiology can also incorporate knowledge from other academic disciplines such as psychology, sociology, cultural studies, ecology, evolutionary biology, and anthropology. Related interdisciplinary fields in motor skills, skills research are graphonomics, i.e. the study of handwriting movement control and the study of motor control in speech.
The study of kinesiology is often part of the curriculum for some of the areas in which kinesiological information is used (akin to a medical study – see sports medicine).
There are some professional physical therapists who are also fully credentialed as "Registered Kinesiologists." The general difference between the job of a kinesiologist and a physical therapist is that a kinesiologist will assess movement, or problems in movement with regard to physiology, anatomy and biomechanics, while a physical therapist will actually apply therapeutic techniques to correct the identified problems.
Below is a (slightly simplified) table of the motions available at the different joints of the body:
|Shoulder||yes||Serratus anterior/Rhomboid major, Rhomboid minor,Trapezius||Serratus anterior, Pectoralis minor,Levator scapulae,Trapezius||yes||elevation/depression Trapezius,Sternocleidomastoid,Levator scapulae/Subclavius,Trapezius|
|Elbow||Biceps brachii, Brachialis/Triceps brachii||no||no||no||pronation/supination|
Pronator quadratus and Pronator teres/Supinator
|Wrist||Flexor carpi radialis/Extensor carpi radialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus||yes||no||yes||no|
|Hip||Psoas, Iliacus, Quadriceps/Gluteus maximus, Hamstring||adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, gracilis||Lateral rotator group/Gluteus minimus, Gluteus medius||no||no|
Tibialis anterior/Fibularis longus, Fibularis brevis
Tibialis anterior/Fibularis brevis
|Torso||Rectus abdominis/Erector spinae||no||no||no||no|
- Canadian Kinesiology Alliance
- Kinesiology: University of Calgary
- Kinesiology: Simon Fraser University
|Types of joints||
Amphiarthrosis - Symphysis - Gomphosis - Synovial joint (Hinge joint, Pivot joint, Condyloid joint, Saddle joint, Ball and socket joint, Gliding joint)
Kinesiology - Anatomical terms of motion - Agonist/Antagonist
ca:Cinesiologia eo:Kinezologio fr:Kinésiologie pt:Cinesiologia sl:Kineziologija fi:Kinesiologia
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