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Knowledge visualization is a young scientific discipline. It was introduced as "the use of visual representations to transfer knowledge between at least two persons" (Burkhard and Meier, 2004). Knowledge Visualization aims to improve the transfer of knowledge by using computer and non-computerbased visualization methods complementary. Examples of such visual formats are sketches, diagrams, images, objects, interactive visualizations, information visualization applications, imaginary visualizations, stories.
While information visualization concentrates on the use of computer-supported tools to explore large amount of abstract data, knowledge visualization focuses on the transfer of knowledge among persons. Beyond the mere transfer of facts, knowledge visualization aims to further transfer insights, experiences, attitudes, values, expectations, perspectives, opinions, and predictions by using various complementary visualizations. Dynamic forms of visualisation such as educational animation have the potential to enhance understandings of systems that change over time.
Knowledge Visualization has its roots in Graphic Design Visual Communication, Communication Sciences, Visual Perception and Knowledge Management, where it is a key-issue to make knowledge visible so that it can be better identified, accessed, shared, discussed, applied, or generally be managed. A method proposed by researchers uses time description language and timescapes which lead to time-technologies that make knowledge visualization possible, especially for artificial intelligence agents.
Knowledge visualization references
- Burkhard, R., 2005, "Towards a Framework and a Model for Knowledge Visualization: Synergies between Information and Knowledge Visualization", in: Tergan and Keller (eds.) Knowledge and information visualization: searching for synergies, Heidelberg / New York, Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science, [to appear].
- Eppler, M. and Burkhard, R., 2005, "Knowledge Visualization", Encyclopedia of Knowledge Management, Idea Group, [to appear].
- Burkhard, R., 2004a, "Learning from Architects: The Difference between Knowledge Visualization and Information Visualization", in: Eight International Conference on Information Visualization (IV04), London, July.
- Burkhard, R., 2004b, "Visual Knowledge Transfer between Planners and Business Decision Makers", in: Van Leeuwen and Timmermans (eds.) Developments in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Eindhoven, Eindhoven University of Technology, 193-208.
- Börner, K., Chen, C., 2002, Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.
- Chen, C., 2003, Mapping Scientific Frontiers: The Quest for Knowledge Visualization, Springer, London.
- Eppler, M. (2004). Facilitating Knowledge Communication through Joint Interactive Visualization. Journal of Universal Computer Science. 10(6), 683-690.
- Horn, R.E., 1998, Visual Language: Global Communication for the 21st Century, MacroVU Press, Bainbridge Island (WA)
- Tergan, S.-O. and Keller, T., 2005,"Knowledge and Information Visualization. Searching for Synergies". LNCS 3426, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.
- Tufte, E.R., 1997, Visual Explanations: Images and Quantities, Evidence and Narrative, Graphics Press, Cheshire (CT)
- Clark, R.C, Chopeta L, 2004,"Graphics for Learning. Proven Guidelines for Planning, Designing, and Evaluating Visuals in Training Materials", Pfeiffer, San Francisco
Related research areas
- Information visualization
- Knowledge management
- Knowledge transfer
- Concept maps
- Scientific visualization
- Morphological analysis
- http://www.graphicslink.demon.co.uk/IV05/ (First International Symposium on Knowledge and Argument visualization)
- The Swedish Morphological Society
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