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Lipid metabolism disorders
ICD-10 E75, E78
ICD-9 272, 277.85
OMIM [1]
DiseasesDB [2]
MedlinePlus [3]
eMedicine /
MeSH {{{MeshNumber}}}

Numerous genetic disorders are caused by errors in fatty acid metabolism. These disorders may be described as fatty oxidation disorders or as a lipid storage disorders, and are any one of several inborn errors of metabolism that result from enzyme defects affecting the ability of the body to oxidize fatty acids in order to produce energy within muscles, liver, and other cell types. These conditions may be associated with impairments in psychological functioning.

Some of the more common fatty acid metabolism disorders are:

Coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiencies

  • Very long-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCAD) - Very long-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase
  • Long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (LCHAD) - Long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A
  • Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (MCAD) - Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase
  • Short-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (SCAD) - Short-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase
  • 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (HADH) - 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase

Other Coenzyme A enzyme deficiencies

  • 2,4 Dienoyl-CoA reductase deficiency - 2,4 Dienoyl-CoA reductase
  • 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency - 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase
  • Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase deficiency - Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase

Carnitine related

  • Primary carnitine deficiency - SLC22A5 (carnitine transporter)
  • Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency - Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase
  • Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I deficiency (CPT) - Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I
  • Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency (CPT) - Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II

Lipid storage

Main article: Lipid storage disorder


  • Mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency
  • Electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) dehydrogenase deficiency (GAII & MADD)
  • Tangier disease

See also

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