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This is a list of animals that have been domesticated by humans.[1]

List of domesticated animals

Species and subspecies Wild ancestor Date Location of origin Purpose Image Degree and type of domestication
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Gray wolf (Canis lupus) between 30,000 BC and 15,000 BC[2] Eurasia Meat, pelt, pets, show, hunting, draft, research, religions, fighting, racing, transportation, working, rescuing, guiding, servicing, herding, guarding, shepherding, pest control 130px tame; significant physical and behavioral changes
Sheep (Ovis aries) Mouflon (Ovis orientalis) between 11,000 BC and 9000 BC[3][4] Southwest Asia fibre, meat, milk, leather, pelt, vellum, pets, show, racing, religions, research, guarding, fighting, ornamental 130px Some physical changes
Domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) Wild boar (Sus scrofa) 9000 BC[5] Near East, China meat, leather, research, show, racing, fighting, working, pets 130px Some physical changes
Domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) Wild goat (Capra aegagrus) 8000 BC[6] Iran milk, meat, fibre, working, skin, hair, show, racing, religions, fighting, cleaning, pets 130px Slight physical changes
Cattle (Bos primigenius taurus) Aurochs (Bos primigenius) (extinct) 8000 BC[7][8] Europe, Asia and North Africa meat, milk, leather, hides, working, plowing, draft, vellum, blood, transportation, soil fertilization, fighting, show, pets, religions 130px Some physical changes
Zebu (Bos primigenius indicus) Aurochs (Bos primigenius) (extinct) 8000 BC India meat, milk, leather, hides, working, plowing, draft, vellum, blood, transportation, soil fertilization, fighting, show, racing, religions 130px Domesticated
Cat (Felis catus) Wildcat (Felis silvestris) 7500 BC[9][10][11][12] Near East pest control, pets, show, pelt, meat, research 130px tame, some physical changes
Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) 6000 BC[13] India and Southeast Asia meat, eggs, feathers, leather, show, racing, ornamental, fighting, pets 130px Some physical changes
Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) Montane Guinea Pig (Cavia tschudii) 5000 BC[14] Peru meat, pets, show, racing, research 130px Slight physical changes
Donkey (Equus africanus asinus) African wild ass (Equus africanus) 5000 BC[15][16] Egypt transportation, working, plowing, draft, mount, meat, milk, pets, racing, guarding 130px Slight physical changes
Domesticated duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) Mallard duck (Anas platyrhnchos) 4000 BC China meat, fat, foie gras, feathers and down, blood, eggs, pets, show, racing, ornamental 130px Domesticated
Water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) 4000 BC India, China working, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, meat, show, racing, milk 130px Domesticated
Horse (Equus ferus caballus) Wild horse (Equus ferus) 4000 BC[17] Eurasian Steppes meat, transportation, working, guiding, servicing, hunting, execution, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, show, weddings, racing, religions, milk, pets 130px Domesticated
Domesticated Silkmoth (Bombyx mori) Wild Silkmoth (Bombyx mandarina) 3000 BC China silk, food, pets, meat 130px Domesticated
Domestic Pigeon (Columba livia domestica) Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) 3000 BC Mediterranean Basin show, weddings, messenger, meat, racing, pets 130px Artificially selected into many varieties, including meat breeds, racing/messenger breeds, and fancy plumage breeds
Domestic goose (Anser anser domesticus) Greylag Goose (Anser anser) 3000 BC Egypt meat, fat, foie gras, feathers and down, eggs, show, guarding, pets 130px Domesticated
Llama (Lama glama) Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) 2400 BC[18] Peru transportation, working, draft, mount, meat, show, weddings, racing, pets, guarding 130px Domesticated
Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) Vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) 2400 BC[18] Peru milk, transportation, fibre, meat, show, pets, guarding 130px Domesticated
Domesticated guineafowl (Numida meleagris) Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida melegris) 2400 BC[19] Africa meat, eggs, pest control, show, alarming, pets 130px Domesticated
Ferret (Mustela putorius furo) European polecat (Mustela putorius) 1500 BC Europe hunting, pest control, show, racing, pets 130px Domesticated
Ringneck dove (Streptopelia risoria) African Collared Dove (streptopelia roseogrisea) 500 BC North Africa show, pets 130px Domesticated
Bali cattle (Bos javanicus domestica) Banteng (Bos javanicus) Unknown Southeast Asia, Java meat, milk, show, racing, working, plowing, draft 130px Domesticated
Gayal (Bos frontalis) Gaur (Bos gaurus) Unknown Southeast Asia meat 130px Domesticated
Domesticated turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) 180[18] Mexico, United States meat, feathers, eggs, show, pets 130px Domesticated
Goldfish (Carassius auratus auratus) Prussian carp (Carassius gibelio) 300–400 China pets, show, racing, ornamental 130px Domesticated
Domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) European Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) 600[20] Europe meat, pelt, fibre, pets, show, racing, research 130px Domesticated
Domestic Canary (Serinus canaria domestica) Atlantic Canary (Serinus canaria) 15th century Canary Islands, Europe pets, research, show, mining, fighting 130px Domesticated
Carabao (Bubalus bubalis carabenesis) Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) 17th century Philippines working, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, meat, milk, show, racing 130px Domesticated
Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens) Unknown species of the genus Betta 19th century Thailand fighting, pets 130px Domesticated
Koi (Cyprinus carpio haematopterus) Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) 1820s Japan ornamental, show, pets 130px Domesticated
Domesticated silver fox (Vulpes vulpes) Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) 1950s Soviet Union, Russia pelt, research, pets 130px tame, some physical changes
Domesticated hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) Four-toed Hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) 1980s Central and Eastern Africa pets 130px Domesticated
Society Finch (Lonchura striata domestica) White-rumped Munia (Lonchura striata) date uncertain Japan pets, research 130px Domesticated
Yak (Bos grunniens) Wild Yak (Bos mutus) 2500 BC Tibet milk, transportation, working, plowing, mount, racing, fighting, meat, fibre 130px Domesticated in captivity
Fancy rat and Lab rat Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) 1800s UK pets, research, show 130px Domesticated
Domesticated Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius) Wild Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius) 4000 BC Arabia transportation, working, hunting, plowing, draft, mount, show, weddings, racing, religions, fighting, milk, meat 130px Domesticated
Domesticated Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) Wild Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) 2500 BC Central Asia milk, transportation, working, hunting, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, show, weddings, racing, religions, meat, hair 130px Domesticated in captivity
Fancy mouse House mouse (Mus musculus) 1100 BC China pets, research, racing, food 130px tame, significant physical changes

Semidomesticated, routinely captive-bred, or domestication status unclear

Due to the somewhat unclear outlines of what, precisely, constitutes domestication, there are some species that may or may not be fully domesticated. There are also species that are extensively used or kept as pets by humans, but are not significantly altered from wild-type animals. Most animals on this second table are at least somewhat altered from wild animals by their extensive interactions with humans. Many could not be released into the wild, or are in some way dependent on humans.

Species and subspecies Wild ancestor Date Location of origin Purpose Image Degree and type of domestication
Western honey bee (Apis mellifera) Western honey bee (Apis mellifera) 4000 BC Europe, Asia and Africa honey, wax, pollination 130px Domesticated
Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) 2500 BC Egypt meat, horns, leather, skin 130px Held/tame in captivity
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) 2000 BC Indus Valley Civilization working, plowing, transportation, mount, hunting, show, racing, fighting, execution, ceremonies, weddings 130px Held/tame in captivity
Scimitar oryx (Oyrx dammah) Scimitar oryx (Oyrx dammah) 2320-2150 BC Egypt meat, hides, religions, ceremonies, horns 130px Held/tame in captivity
Muscovy Duck (Cairina moschata) Muscovy Duck (Cairina moschata) 700–600 BC[18] South America meat, fat, feathers, eggs, show, pets 130px Held/tame in captivity
Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) 700–500 BC[18] Chile, Mexico dye 130px Held/tame in captivity
Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) 500 BC India show, feathers, meat, landscaping, ornamental, pets, garden bird 130px Held/tame in capticity
Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) 1850s Australia pets, show, talking bird 130px Plumage changes, some breeds are physically larger
Italian bee (Apis mellifera ligustica) Italian bee (Apis mellifera ligustica) 1880s Italy honey, pollination 130px easy to domesticate
Crimsonspotted Rainbowfish (Melanotaenia duboulayi) Crimsonspotted Rainbowfish (Melanotaenia duboulayi) 1920s Eastern Australia pets, pest control 130px Held/tame in captivity
Long-tailed Chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) Long-tailed Chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) 1930s Andes pets, fur, research 130px Domesticated in captivity
Short-tailed Chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) Short-tailed Chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) 1930s Andes fur 130px Raised in Captivity
Water flea (Daphnia magna) Water flea (Daphnia magna) 1930s North America, Eurasia, Africa research 130px Held/tame in captivity
Zebra Finch (Taeniopygia guttata) Zebra Finch (Taeniopygia guttata) 20th century Australia pets, show 130px Domesticated in captivity
Mopani worm (Gonimbrasia belina) Mopani worm (Gonimbrasia belina) 1950s Southern Africa meat 130px Held/tame in captivity
Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) Unknown Zimbabwe, South Africa, Kenya meat, milk, leather, hides, horns 130px Domesticated in captivity
Diamond Dove (Geopelia cuneata) Diamond Dove (Geopelia cuneata) Unknown Australia pets 130px Domesticated in captivity
Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) 1960s United States wool, meat, milk 130px Held/tame in captivity
Corn snake (Pantherophis gutttatus) Corn snake (Pantherophis guttatus) 1960s United States pets 130px Domesticated in captivity
Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) date uncertain Texas, New Mexico, Chihuahua pets 130px Held/tame in captivity
Central Bearded Dragon (Pogona vitticeps) Central Bearded Dragon (Pogona vitticeps) 1970s Australia pets 130px slight physical changes
Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps) Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps) 1980s Australia pets 130px Domesticated
Indian gray mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) Indian gray mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) date uncertain India fighting, pest control, pets 130px Held/tame in captivity
Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) date uncertain South America meat, pelt, skin, pets 130px
Indian Palm Squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) Indian Palm Squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) date uncertain India pets 130px easy to tame
Lawson's Dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) Lawson's Dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) 1980s Australia pets 130px Held/tame in captivity
Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) 1980s Europe wax, pollination 130px Held/tame in captivity
Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) date uncertain China meat, ornamental, garden bird 130px Held/tame in captivity
Sika deer (Cervus nippon) Sika deer (Cervus nippon) Unknown Japan, China meat, antlers 130px Held/tame in captivity
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata) Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata) Unknown China meat, fat, ornamental 130px Held/tame in captivity
Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) Unknown Egypt pest control, pets 130px Held/tame in captivity
Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana) Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana) Unknown South and Southeast Asia honey, pollination 130px Domesticated in captivity
Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus) Japanese Cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus) 960 AD Japan fishing 130px Held/tame in captivity
Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) 960 AD China fishing 130px Held/tame in captivity
Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica) Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica) 1100–1900 Japan meat, eggs, pets 130px Domesticated in captivity
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) 1200–1500 Europe, Asia meat 130px Held/tame in capivity
House cricket (Acheta domestica) House cricket (Acheta domestica) 12th century Southwestern Asia, China, Japan meat, food, fighting, pets 130px Domesticated in captivity
American mink (Neovison vison) American mink (Neovison vison) 19th century North America fur, pets, ratting 130px Held/tame in captivity
European mink (Mustela lutreola) European mink (Mustela lutreola) 1800s Europe fur 130px Held/tame in captivity
King Quail (Coturnix chinensis) King Quail (Coturnix chinensis) date uncertain Asia, Australia pets 130px
Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) date uncertain India, Pakistan meat, pets, fighting 130px Held/tame in captivity
Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) Unknown Barbados, Brazil, Guyana pets 130px Held/tame in captivity
Lowland Paca (Cuniculus paca) Lowland Paca (Cuniculus paca) Unknown Mexico, Argentina meat, pets 130px Held/tame in captivity
Steppe Lemming (Lagurus lagurus) Steppe Lemming (Lagurus lagururs) Unknown Steppes pets 130px
Degu (Octodon degus) Degu (Octodon degus) 1990s Chilean Andes pets, research 130px
Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) 1990s Mongolia pets, research 130px Held/tame in captivity
Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) 2000s England, Russia meat, pets 130px
European dark bee (Apis mellifera mellifera) European dark bee (Apis mellifera mellifera) modern times Europe honey, pollination 130px Domesticated in captivity
Indian honey bee (Apis cerana indica) Indian honey bee (Apis cerana indica) Unknown India honey, pollination 130px Held/tame in captivity
Carniolan honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica) Carniolan honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica) date uncertain Slovenia honey, pollination 130px easy to domesticate
Semi-domesticated Reindeer Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) 3000 BC Asian subarctic. meat, milk, transportation, working, draft, mount, hides, racing, leather, antlers 130px Semidomesticated
Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Unknown India working, ceremonies, weddings, religions, mount, transportation 130px Semidomesticated
White Cockatoo (Cacatua alba) White Cockatoo (Cacatua alba) Tang Dynasty China pets, show 130px
Java Sparrow (Padda oryzivora) Java Sparrow (Padda oryzivora) Ming Dynasty China pets 130px Non-wild coloration pied and fancy colored Javas from long Asian captivity lines are hand tamable
Fallow Deer (Dama dama) Fallow Deer (Dama dama) 1000 BC Mediterranean Basin meat, hides, antlers 130px Semidomesticated
European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) 800 BC Europe, Asia bloodletting, surgery 130px
Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Unknown Africa, Asia pets, talking bird 130px
Roman Snail (Helix pomatia) Roman Snail (Helix pomatia) 100 AD Europe meat 130px
Stingless bee (Melipona beecheii) Stingless bee (Melipona beecheii) 180 AD Mexico, Amazon Basin honey, pollination 130px Semidomesticated
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) 1000-1500 Europe meat, landscaping, feathers, garden bird 130px Semidomesticated
Ostrich (Struthio camelus) Ostrich (Struthio camelus) 19th century Africa meat, eggs, feathers, leather, fat, oil, mount, racing 130px Semidomesticated
Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) 1870s Australia pets, show, talking bird 130px
Common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) Common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) 1910s Australia, South Africa research, food 130px
Yellow-collared Lovebird (Agapornis personatus) Yellow-collared Lovebird (Agapornis personatus) 1920s Tanzania pets 130px
Fischer's Lovebird (Agapornis fischeri) Fischer's Lovebird (Agapornis fischeri) 1920s East-Central Africa pets 130px
Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella) Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella) 20th century Australia pets, show 130px
African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) 1950s South Africa pets, research 130px
Sea-Monkey (Artemia salina x nyos) Brine shrimp (Artemia salina) 1950s Lake Urmia, Iran pets 130px
American bison (Bison bison) American bison (Bison bison) 20th century North America meat, leather, hides 130px Semidomesticated
Ball python (Python regius) Ball python (Python regius) 1960s Africa pets 130px Captive bred
Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) 1980s Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea, Solomon Islands pets 130px
Salmon-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) Salmon-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) 1980s Maluku Islands pets, show, talking bird 130px
Greater Rhea (Rhea americana) Greater Rhea (Rhea americana) 1990s South America meat, eggs, feathers, leather, fat, oil 130px Semidomesticated
Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) 1990s Australia meat, eggs, feathers, leather, fat, oil 130px Semidomesticated
Pale Gerbil (Gerbillus perpallidus) Pale Gerbil (Gerbillus perpallidus) Unknown Egypt pets 130px
Persian jird (Meriones persicus) Persian jird (Meriones persicus) Unknown Iran pets 130px
Fat-tailed Gerbil (Pachyuromys duprasi) Fat-tailed Gerbil (Pachyuromys duprasi) Unknown Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria pets 130px
Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) 1990s South America pets, meat, leather 130px Captive bred
Black Spiny-tailed Iguana (Ctenosaura similis) Black Spiny-tailed Iguana (Ctenosaura similis) date uncertain Central America pets, meat 130px Captive bred
Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) 20th century Pakistan pets 130px slight physical modification
Green Tree Python (Morelia viridis) Green Tree Python (Morelia viridis) mid 1990s New Guinea, Indonesia, Australia pets 130px Captive bred
Western Rosella (Platycercus icterotis) Western Rosella (Platycercus icterotis) Unknown Southwest Australia pets 130px
Red-tailed Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) Red-tailed Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) late 1990s Australia pets 130px
Gouldian Finch (Erythrura gouldiae) Gouldian Finch (Erythrura gouldiae) late 1990s Australia pets, show 130px
Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) date uncertain India, Sri Lanka pets 130px easy to domesticate
Star Finch (Neochmia ruficauda) Star Finch (Neochmia ruficauda) date uncertain Australia pets, show 130px
Eurasian Siskin (Carduelis spinus) Eurasian Siskin (Carduelis spinus) date uncertain Europe, Asia pets, singing 130px
Crested Gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Crested Gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Unknown New Caledonia pets 130px Captive bred
Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) Unknown West Africa pets 130px Captive bred
Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) Unknown Thailand, Indonesia meat, pets 130px Domesticated


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  19. Guinea Fowl
  20. Interesting Rabbit Domestication History
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