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Transgender is a very complex topic, where definitions are often still up in the air. Usually, the only way to find out how exactly people identify themselves is to ask them, and sometimes, transgender people either cannot or will not define themselves any more specifically than transgender, queer, or genderqueer.

Books and articles written about transgender people or culture are often outdated by the time they are published, if not already outdated at the time of composition, due to inappropriate and/or outdated questions or premises. Not only psychology and medicine, but also social sciences deal with transgender people, and each starts from a very different point of view, offers very different perspectives, and uses a different nomenclature. The difference is mirrored by the attitude of transgendered people towards transgender issues, as can be seen in the articles listed below.

People and Behaviour

In non-western cultures

  • Two-spirit
  • Bacchá
  • Berdache
  • Transgender in China
  • Evening people
  • Fakaleiti
  • Fa'afafine
  • Galli
  • Hijra
  • Transsexuality in Iran
  • Kathoey
  • Kocek
  • Transgender people in Singapore
  • Sworn virgin
  • Takatāpui
  • Winkte
  • Xanith

Basic Terms





Topics related to transitioning


Relating to medical treatment

Legal aspects

  • Legal aspects of transsexualism
    • Name change
    • Gender Recognition Act 2004
    • Changing legal gender assignment in Canada


Sex change

Other related topics

Other gender-variant people or behaviour

Many other terms describe gender-variant people or behaviour, without the people being described necessarily being transgender.

Sexual orientation and behaviour

Sexual orientation and behaviour are independent from gender identity; since both are often mentioned together or even confused, some relevant topics are mentioned here. The first article elaborates on this question.



  • Transgender publications

Film and television

Main article: Transgender in film and television


  • Eddie Izzard


  • Transgender Warriors (ISBN 0807079413) by Leslie Feinberg
  • The Transsexual Empire (ISBN 0807762725) by Janice Raymond
  • Masculinities Without Men? (ISBN 0774809973) by Jean Bobby Noble
  • Transgenderism and Intersexuality in Childhood and Adolescence: Making Choices (ISBN 076191711X) by Peggy Cohen-Kettenis and Friedemann Pfäfflin]]
  • Armistead Maupin's "Tales of the City" has a transgendered person as a central character in it.
  • "Boy Wives and Female Husbands: Studies of African Homosexualities" by Will Roscoe
  • "Latin American Male Homosexualities" by Stephen O. Murray
  • "Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature" by Stephen O. Murray
  • "Pacific Homosexualities" by Stephen O. Murray


  • Fictionmania is a non-commercial website collecting and archiving stories, poems, and essays exploring gender.
  • The Caste Of The Metabarons by Alejandro Jodorowsky: Aghora, the father of the current Metabarons, is a transman.
  • Venus Envy by Erin Lindsey, is a webcomic centred around the life of a teenage MTF.
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