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?Macaques[1]
(Macaca fascicularis)
(Macaca fascicularis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Cercopithecidae
Subfamily: Cercopithecinae
Genus: Macaca
Lacepede, 1799
Type Species
Simia inuus
Linnaeus, 1758 = Simia sylvanus Linnaeus, 1758
Species

See text.

File:Macaca arctoides.png

(Macaca arctoides)

File:Jigokudani hotspring in Nagano Japan 001.jpg

(Macaca fuscata)

File:Macaca nemestrina.jpg

(Macaca nemestrina)

The macaques (pronounced /məˈkæk/) constitute a genus (Macaca, /məˈkækə/) of Old World monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae.

Aside from humans (genus Homo), the macaques are the most widespread primate genus, ranging from northern Africa to Japan. Twenty-two macaque species are currently recognised, and they include some of the monkeys best known to non-zoologists, such as the Rhesus Macaque (as the Rhesus Monkey), Macaca mulatta, and the Barbary Macaque (as the Barbary Ape), M. sylvanus, a colony of which lives on the Rock of Gibraltar. Although several species lack tails, and their common names therefore refer to them as apes, these are true monkeys, with no greater relationship to the true apes than any other Old World monkeys.

Several species of macaque are used extensively in animal testing.

Grooming behavior

Results of a research done by Dr. Michael Gumert, a primatologist at the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, shows that "male macaque monkeys pay for sex by grooming females". Study found that "after a male grooms a female, the likelihood that she will engage in sexual activity with the male was about three times more than if the grooming had not occurred."[2]


Species list

Genus Macaca

  • M. sylvanus group
    • Barbary Macaque, Macaca sylvanus
  • M. nemestrina group
    • Lion-tailed Macaque, Macaca silenus
    • Southern Pig-tailed Macaque or Beruk, Macaca nemestrina
    • Northern Pig-tailed Macaque, Macaca leonina
    • Pagai Island Macaque, Macaca pagensis
    • Siberut Macaque, Macaca siberu
    • Moor Macaque, Macaca maura
    • Booted Macaque, Macaca ochreata
    • Tonkean Macaque, Macaca tonkeana
    • Heck's Macaque, Macaca hecki
    • Gorontalo Macaque, Macaca nigriscens
    • Celebes Crested Macaque, Macaca nigra
  • M. fascicularis group
    • Crab-eating Macaque, Macaca fascicularis
    • Stump-tailed Macaque, Macaca arctoides
  • M. mulatta group
    • Rhesus Macaque, Macaca mulatta
    • Formosan Rock Macaque, Macaca cyclopis
    • Japanese Macaque, Macaca fuscata
  • M. sinica group
    • Toque Macaque, Macaca sinica
    • Bonnet Macaque, Macaca radiata
    • Assam Macaque, Macaca assamensis
    • Tibetan Macaque, Macaca thibetana
    • Arunachal Macaque, Macaca munzala

See also

References

  1. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, 161-165, Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.
  2. [1]

External links

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