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Mahzarin Rustum Banaji (born 1956)[1] is an Indian social psychologist.

She was born and raised in Secunderabad where she attended St. Ann's High School. Her B.A. is from Nizam College and her M.A. in Psychology from Osmania University in Hyderabad, India. In 1986, Banaji received a Ph.D. from Ohio State University, and was an NIH postdoctoral fellow at University of Washington. From 1986-2001 she taught at Yale University, where she was Reuben Post Halleck Professor of Psychology. In 2001, she moved to Harvard University as Richard Clarke Cabot Professor of Social Ethics in the Department of Psychology. She also served as the first Carol K. Pforzheimer Professor at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study from 2002-2008. In 2005, Banaji was elected fellow of the Society of Experimental Psychologists. She was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2008.[1] In 2009 was named Herbert A. Simon Fellow of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Banaji is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Psychological Association (Divisions 1, 3, 8 and 9), and the Association for Psychological Science. She served as Secretary of the APS, on the Board of Scientific Affairs of the APA, and on the Executive Committee of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology. Banaji is President-elect of the Association for Psychological Science[2] in 2009-2010.

Banaji has served as Associate Editor of Psychological Review and the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology and co-edited Essays in Social Psychology for Psychology Press. She currently serves on an advisory board of the Oxford University Press on Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. She has served or serves on the editorial board of several journals, among them Psychological Science, Psychological Review, Perspectives on Psychological Science, Brain and Behavioral Sciences, Social Cognition, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, and Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. Her research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the Third Millennium Foundation, among other organizations.

Banaji was Director of Undergraduate Studies at Yale, and is currently Head Tutor in the Department of Psychology at Harvard. Among her awards, she has received Yale's Lex Hixon Prize for Teaching Excellence, a James McKeen Cattell Fund Award, the Morton Deutsch Award for Social Justice, and fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. In 2000, her work with R. Bhaskar received the Gordon Allport Prize for Intergroup Relations.[3] Her career contributions have been recognized by a Presidential Citation from the American Psychological Association in 2007 and the Diener Award for Outstanding Contributions to Social Psychology in 2009.

With Anthony Greenwald and Brian Nosek, she maintains an educational website, Project Implicit, designed to create awareness about unconscious biases in self-professed egalitarians.

Banaji studies human thinking and feeling as it unfolds in social contexts. Her focus is primarily on mental systems that operate in implicit or unconscious mode. In particular, she is interested in the unconscious nature of assessments of self and other humans that reflect feelings and knowledge (often unintended) about their social group membership (e.g., age, race/ethnicity, gender, class) that underlie the us/them distinction.

From such study of attitudes and beliefs of adults and children, she asks about the social consequences of unconscious thought and feeling. Banaji’s work relies on cognitive/affective behavioral measures and neuroimaging (fMRI) with which she explores the implications of her work for questions of individual responsibility and social justice in democratic societies.

Major publications

  • Greenwald, A. G. & Banaji, M. R. (1995). Implicit social cognition: Attitudes, self-esteem, and stereotypes. Psychological Review, 102, 4-27.
  • Greenwald, A. G., Banaji, M. R., Rudman, L., Farnham, S., Nosek, B. A., & Mellott, D. (2002). A unified theory of implicit attitudes, stereotypes, self-esteem, and self-concept. Psychological Review, 109, 3-25.
  • Green, A. R., Carney, D. R., Pallin, D. J., Ngo, L. H., Raymond, K. L., Iezzoni, L., & Banaji, M. R. (2007). Implicit bias among physicians and its prediction of thrombolysis decisions for black and white patients. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22, 1231-1238.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter B. American Academy of Arts and Sciences. URL accessed on 9 May 2011.
  2. [1]
  3. [2]

External links


Further reading

This section includes responses to articles which stimulated considerable discussion, such as Banaji & Crowder's seminal 1989 publication.

  • Darryl Bruce (January 1991), "Mechanistic and functional explanations of memory", American Psychologist 46 (1): 46–48 
  • Stephen J. Ceci & Urie Bronfenbrenner (January 1991), "On the demise of everyday memory: "The rumours of my death are much exaggerated"", American Psychologist 46 (1): 27–31 
  • Martin A. Conway (January 1991), "In defence of everyday memory", American Psychologist 46 (1): 19–26 
  • Morton, John (January 1991), "The bankruptcy of everyday thinking", American Psychologist 46 (1): 32–33 
  • Henry L. Roediger III (January 1991), "They read an article?", American Psychologist 46 (1): 37–40 
  • Endel Tulving (January 1991), "Memory research is not a zero-sum game", American Psychologist 46 (1): 41–42 

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