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Social Processes: Methodology · Types of test

The Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) is a

Scoring information

RQ consists of four short paragraphs, each describing one of the four attachment prototypes (secure, preoccupied, fearful, and dismissing). Participants are asked to indicate on a 7-point scale how well each paragraph describes them (1 = It does not describe me at all, 7 = It very much describes me). Four continuous attachment ratings are used to compute scores for the underlying model of self and model of others dimensions by following the procedures outlined by Griffin and Bartholomew (1994a, 1994b).

The RQ may be used categorically but is not recommended.To compute scores for the model of self, the sum of each individual's ratings on the preoccupied and fearful items (items 3rd and 4th) are subtracted from the sum of his or her ratings on the secure and dismissing items (items 1 and 2). To compute scores of the model of others dimension, the sum of each individual's ratings on the dismissing and fearful items (items 2 and 4) are subtracted from the sum of his or her ratings on the secure and preoccupied items (items 1 and 3). In a previous study, Sumer and Gungor (1999) demonstrated that the Turkish version of RQ has satisfactory reliability and construct validity which are comparable to findings obtained in North American samples. To sum up: Model of self (MS) = (Secure + Dismissing) - (Preoccupied + Fearful) = (Item 1 + Item 2) - (Item 3 + Item 4) Model of other (MO) = (Secure + Preoccupied) - (Dismissing + Fearful) = (Item 1 + Item 3) - (Item 2 + Item 4)


  • Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L.M. (1991). Attachment styles among young adults: A test of four category model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 226-244.
  • Griffin, D., & Bartholomew, K. (1994a). The metaphysics of measurement: The case of adult attachment. In K. Bartholomew and D. Perlman (Eds.), Attachment processes in adulthood: Advances in personal relationships (Vol. 5, pp. 17-52). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
  • Griffin, D., & Bartholomew, K. (1994b). Models of the self and other: Fundamental dimensions underlying measures of adult attachment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 430-445.
  • Sümer, N., & Güngör, D. (1999). Yetişkin bağlanma stillerinin Türk örneklemi üzerinde psikometrik değerlendirmesi ve kültürler arası bir karşılaştırma. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 14(43), 71-106. (Adapted to Turkish)