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Russian cosmists


Agni Yoga

Russian cosmism is a philosophical and cultural movement that emerged in Russia in the early 20th century. It entailed a broad theory of natural philosophy, combining elements of religion and ethics with a history and philosophy of the origin, evolution and future existence of the cosmos and humankind. It combined elements from both Eastern and Western philosophic traditions as well as from the Russian Orthodox Church.


Nik Fedorov

Nikolai Fyodorov

Among the major representatives of Russian cosmism was Nikolai Fyodorov (1828–1903), an advocate of radical life extension by means of scientific methods, human immortality and resurrection of dead people.

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1857–1935) was among the pioneers of theoretical space exploration. In 1903, he published The Exploration of Cosmic Space by Means of Reactive Devices), the first serious scientific work on space travel. K. Tsiolkovsky believed that colonizing space would lead to the perfection of the human race, with immortality and a carefree existence. He also developed ideas of the "animated atom" (panpsychism), as well as "radiant mankind".

Many ideas of the Russian cosmists were later developed by those in the transhumanist movement. Victor Skumin argues that the Culture of health will play an important role in the creation of a human spiritual society into the Solar System.[1][2][3]


Victor Skumin

The Culture of health is the basic science about Spiritual Humanity. It studies the perspectives of harmonious development of "Spiritual man" and "Spiritual ethnos" as a conscious creator of the State of Light into the territory of the Solar System" (by Victor Skumin)

Victor Skumin (born 30 August 1948) is a scientist, psychiatrist, psychologist, and Russian Cosmist.

After graduating from the Medical University, he became a psychotherapist in Kiev Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery. In 1978, he described a new disease, the Skumin syndrome. He introduced a method of psychotherapy and self-improvement based on optimistic autosuggestion for psychological rehabilitation of cardiosurgical patients (1979). From 1980 to 1990, he was professor of psychotherapy at the Medical Academy of Post-graduate Education. The main result of his scientific activity was the discovery of the "syndrome of the neurotic phantom of somatic disease" and a "concept of the mental constituent of a chronic somatic disease".

From 1990 to 1994, Skumin held positions as Professor by the Chair of Psychology and Pedagogy at the State Academy of Culture. In 1994, he was elected to the post of the President-founder of the World Organisation of Culture of Health (Moscow). In 1995, Skumin became the first editor-in-chief of the journal To Health via Culture]]. He is known for inventing a popular term "Culture of Health" (1968).


Nicolas Roerich

Besides psychiatry and psychology, Skumin writes on healthy lifestyle, yoga, and philosophy. He co-authored series of illustrated books and articles on Agni Yoga, Roerichism, Russian cosmism, Transhumanism, and New Age. He wrote books of fiction and lyrics for several songs.

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