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Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. It follows on from primary or elementary education. There are many different types of secondary school and the terminology used varies around the world. Children usually transfer to secondary school between the ages of 11 and 14, and finish between the ages of 16 and 18, though there is considerable variation from country to country. In the United States the term high school is often used as a synonym for secondary school.

Nomenclature

The names used to describe the institutions used for secondary education vary from country to country. Sometimes the same terminology is used in different countries but with very different meanings.

  • City academy
  • Bachillerato (in Dominican Republic and Spain)
  • City technology college
  • Colegial (in Brazil)
  • Collège
  • College
  • College preparatory school
  • Collegiate
  • Collegiate institute
  • Community school
  • Comprehensive school
  • Comprehensive high school
  • École d'enseignement secondaire (in Canada)
  • École secondaire
  • Enseñanza Media (in Chile)
  • Ensino Médio (in Brazil)
  • Escola secundária (in Portugal)
  • Escuela Preparatoria (in Mexico)
  • Grammar school
  • Gymnasium
  • Gesamtschule (in Germany)
  • Hauptschule
  • High school
  • Högstadiet (in Sweden)
  • Lise (in Turkey)
  • Independent school
  • Junior High School
  • Lise
  • Lycée (in France and Canada)
  • Lyceum
  • Middle school
  • Polyvalente (in Quebec)
  • Private school
  • Public school
  • Realschule
  • Secondary college
  • Secondary modern school
  • Secondary technical school
  • Segundo Grau (in Brazil)
  • Sekolah Menengah (in Malaysia)
  • Sekolah Menengah Pertama and/or Atas (in Indonesia)
  • Srednja škola (in Serbia)
  • Srednja šola (in Slovenia)
  • Steiner school
  • Videregående skole (in Norway)
  • Vocational school
  • Voluntary secondary school

See also

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