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Spiral ganglion
Transverse section of the cochlear duct of a fetal cat. (Ganglion spirale is labeled at top, second from left.)
Latin ganglion spirale
Gray's subject #228 1051
MeSH A08.340.390.800
Part of the cochlear division of the acoustic nerve, highly magnified.

The spiral ganglion is the group of nerve cells that serve the sense of hearing by sending a representation of sound from the cochlea to the brain. The cell bodies of the spiral ganglion neurons are found in the spiral structure of the cochlea.


The rudiment of the acoustic nerve appears about the end of the third week as a group of ganglion cells closely applied to the cephalic edge of the auditory vesicle. The ganglion gradually splits into two parts, the vestibular ganglion and the spiral ganglion. The proximal fibers of the spiral ganglion form the cochlear nerve.


Cells found in the spiral ganglion are strung along the bony core of the cochlea, and send projections into the central nervous system (CNS). These cells are bipolar first-order neurons of the auditory system. Their dendrites make synaptic contact with the base of hair cells, and their axons are bundled together to form the auditory portion of eighth cranial nerve. The number of neurons in the spiral ganglion is estimated to be about 35,000–50,000.[1]

Diagrammatic longitudinal section of the cochlea


  1. Mark F. Bear, Barry W. Connors, and Michael A. Paradiso (2006). Neuroscience, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.


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