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An increased risk of suicide is associated with a number of mental health problems and care settings.

Suicide in different diagnostic groups

Suicide - Mental health epidemiology

Bipolar disorder - Suicide

Depression - Suicide

Personality disorder - Suicide

Schizophrenia - Suicide

Suicide in different healthcare settings

Suicide - Primary care

Suicide - Community care

Suicide - Hospital care

See also

References & Bibliography

Key texts


  • Bongar, B., Berman, A.L., Maris, R.W., Silverman, M.M., Harris, E.A., & Packman, W.L. (Eds.). (1998). Risk management with suicidal patients. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Kleespies, P.M. (Ed.). (1998). Emergencies in mental health practice: Evaluation and management. New York: Guilford Press.


  • Appleby, L., Shaw, J., Amos, T., McDonnell, R., Davies, S., Harris, C., McCann, K., Firth, C., & Douglas, A. (1997). The national confidential inquiry into suicide and homicide by people with mental illness. Progress report 1997. London: Department of Health.
  • Barraclough, B., Bunch, J., Nelson, B., & Sainsbury, P. (1974). A hundred cases of suicide: Clinical aspects. British Journal of Psychiatry, 125, 355-373.
  • Foster, T., Gillespie, K., McClelland, R., & Patterson, C. (1999). Risk factors for suicide independent of DSM-II-R Axis I disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 175, 175-179.
  • Harris, E.D., & Barraclough, B. (1997). Suicide as an outcome for mental disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 205-228.
  • Henriksson, M.M., Aro, H.M., Marttunen, M.J., Heikkinen, M., Isometa, E.T., Kuoppasalmi, K.I., & Lonqvist, J.K. (1993). Mental disorders and comorbidity in suicide. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 935-940.
  • Kessler, R.C., Nelson, C.B., McKinagle, K.A., Edlund, M.J., Frank, R.G., & Leaf, P.L. (1996). The epidemiology of co-occurring addictive and mental disorders: Implications for prevention and service utilization. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 66, 17-31.
  • Tanney, B.L. (2000). Psychiatric diagnoses and suicidal acts. In R.W. Maris, A.L. Berman, & M.M. Silverman (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of suicidology (pp. 311-341). New York: Guilford Press.
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1999). Mental health: A report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health.

Additional material



External links

Suicide Prevention Help