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Nerve: Superior hypogastric plexus
The right sympathetic chain and its connections with the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic plexuses. (Hypogastric plexus is labeled on right, fourth from the bottom.)
Lower half of right sympathetic cord.
Latin plexus hypogastricus inferior
Gray's subject #220 987
MeSH A08.800.050.050.400

The superior hypogastric plexus (in older texts, hypogastric plexus or presacral nerve) is a plexus of nerves situated on the vertebral bodies below the bifurcation of the aorta.


The superior hypogastric plexus is situated in front of the last lumbar vertebra and the promontory of the sacrum, between the two common iliac arteries, and is formed by the union of numerous filaments, which descend on either side from the aortic plexus, and from the lumbar splanchnic nerves; it divides, below, into two lateral portions which travel inferiorly as the so-called hypogastric nerves, which end as the inferior hypogastric plexus.

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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.


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