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The word typology literally means the study of types. Beyond this simple definition, the term has at least four distinct uses of interest to psychologists:


  • Linguistics. See linguistic typology and morphological typology. Typology is a branch of linguistics which concerns itself with comparing the properties that languages have, disregarding their genetic relationships.
  • Sociology. Typological terms have been developed by Ferdinand Tönnies (see normal type) and Max Weber (see ideal type).
  • Typology (anthropology). Typology in anthropology is the division of culture by race.


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