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It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with [[::Unity of science|Unity of science]]. (Discuss)

Unified Science is any of three related integral systems of knowledge and strands of contemporary thought.

  • The Encyclopeadia of Unified Science, edited by Otto Neurath, Rudolf Carnap, and Charles W. Morris in the latter 1930s. Most participants in this endeavor were either members of the Vienna Circle or fellow logical positivists.
  • The writings of Edward Haskell and a few associates, seeking to rework science into a single discipline employing a common artificial language. This work culminated in the 1972 publication of Full Circle: The Moral Force of Unified Science. The vast part of the work of Haskell and his contemporaries remains unpublished, however. Timothy Wilken and Anthony Judge have recently revived and extended the insights of Haskell and his coworkers.
  • Unified Science has been a consistent thread since the 1940s in Howard T. Odum's systems ecology and the associated Emergy Synthesis, modeling the "ecosystem": the geochemical, biochemical, and thermodynamic processes of the lithosphere and biosphere. Modeling such earthly processes in this manner requires a science uniting geology, physics, biology, and chemistry (H.T.Odum 1995). With this in mind, Odum developed a common language of science based on electronic schematics, with applications to ecology economic systems in mind (H.T.Odum 1994).

Unified Science can be seen as an attempt to build a part of Leibniz's characteristica universalis.

See also

  • Co-Action Compass
  • Consilience — the unification of knowledge, e.g. science and the humanities
  • Holism


  • Odum, H.T. 1994. Ecological and General Systems: An Introduction to Systems Ecology. Colorado University Press, Colorado.
  • Odum, H.T. 1995. 'Energy Systems and the Unification of Science', in Hall, C.S. (ed.) Maximum Power: The Ideas and Applications of H.T. Odum. Colorado University Press, Colorado: 365-372.

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